Sir Tony Atkinson is Senior Research Fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford. Previously he has been teaching at Churchill College, Cambridge, as well as at the London School of Economics, of which he is honorary fellow, and University College, London. He is fellow of the British Academy and the American Economic Association, and since 1988 he is President of the Economic Society. He has also been President of the European Academic Association, the International Economic Association and the Royal Economic Society. He got the UAP Scientific Prize in Paris in 1986. Furthermore, he is Honorary Doctor of many European Universities, Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, holder of the Frank E. Seidman Distinguished Award in Political Economy and President of Section F of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. He has edited for many years the Journal of Public Economics, he is member of the Research Council of the European University Institute in Florence and of Section 37 of the Comité National du CNRS in France, as well as chairman of the Foundation for International Studies in Social Security. He has been member of the Conseil d’Analyse Economique, advising the French Prime Minister from 1997 until 2001. His latest publications, out of a long list, deal with problems of economic inequality and social distribution of income in the European Union, as well as social security and public finance.